The agreement emphasizes respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity of the other. It also mentions non-interference in the internal affairs of the other and hostile propaganda. On 7 July 1972, the Shimla Agreement between Indira Gandhi and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was signed in Shimla by Himachal Pradesh. Shimla Agreement is also known as Shimla Accord. The issue is important from the point of view of the IAS audit. The Delhi Agreement on the Return of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between these states, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, the Foreign Minister of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, the Indian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Pakistani government.   The Simla Agreement was signed on 3 July 1972 in Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh State, between India and Pakistan.  This led to the war of liberation of Bangladesh in 1971, which led to the independence of Bangladesh, formerly known as East Pakistan and part of the territory of Pakistan. India entered the war as an ally of Bangladesh, which turned the war into an Indo-Pakistan war in 1971.  The two ministers invoked the 1972 Shimla Agreement and said that bilateral issues could only be resolved with his help — and nothing else. The Simla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto after a great war between India and Pakistan in 1971. The summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla on the agreed date.
The summit conference was held from June 28 to July 2, 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the measures envisaged to normalize bilateral relations and to resolve mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations. India wanted to solve all the problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship that required the two countries to refrain from the use of force in dispute resolution, not to interfere in each other`s internal affairs, not to participate in the settlement of their disputes and to renounce military alliances directed against each other. Pakistan wanted to focus on issues as immediate as the release of prisoners of war, the withdrawal of troops and the resumption of diplomatic relations. It rejected the Indian proposal on the grounds that it would imply a lasting adoption of the partition of Kashmir and the withdrawal of the UN Kashmir dispute. (iii) Withdrawals will begin on the effective date of this agreement and will be concluded within 30 days.  The summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla on the agreed date.